In Nova Scotia you'll naturally want to visit Halifax, the capital. In addition to being the largest city in the Atlantic Provinces, Halifax is also justly noted for its numerous historic sights and pretty maritime views. Several restored 18th-century blocks, known collectively as Historic Properties, and the Brewery Centre are located along the waterfront. Another, the Citadel, is Canada's most visited National Historic Site. This 1828 fortress offers a fascinating array of military exhibits, as well as a commanding view of the city below.
Charming coastal towns such as Peggy's Cove, Chester, and Lunenburg (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) dot the drive to Yarmouth, where ferries leave for Maine. Hiking, biking, or driving the Evangeline Trail through the Annapolis Valley leads travelers past renowned apple orchards and Nova Scotia's French heritage along Baie Ste-Marie.
Along the Bay of Fundy shore, whale-watching trips leave Westport on Brier Island and nearby towns. Tours may skirt tiny islands where wild ponies are the only permanent inhabitants.
Pictou is where Nova Scotia's Scottish heritage begins. A replica of the Hector, the ship that brought the first Scottish immigrants, stands near the harbor. Scottish and French heritage can be seen and heard across Cape Breton's highlands, too. From the Acadian hooked rugs of Cheticamp to the bagpipes of a Gaelic festival in St. Anns, Nova Scotia's past is still very much alive.
Nova Scotia also boasts the Cabot Trail, one of the loveliest drives in all of North America. The trail is 296 kilometers (184 miles) long and completely circles the northern end of Cape Breton Island, passing old-growth forests, mountains, and the Cape Breton highlands. There are several picturesque fishing villages along the way.